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Упражнения по теме «Построение вопросов в английском языке»

Упражнения по теме «Построение вопросов в английском языке»

При построении вопроса правило очередности членов предложения перестаёт работать, так как порядок слов в вопросительном предложении меняется.

 

 

Построение вопросов разных типов в английском языке: практические задания

 

В английском языке существует пять типов вопросов:

  • общий;
  • специальный;
  • альтернативный;
  • разделительный.

А также можно поставить вопрос к подлежащему.

А как, в общем, строится вопросительное предложение? Нарушается ли при этом строгая очередность следования членов предложения?

Мы ведь знаем, что по правилам на первом месте в английском предложении стоит подлежащее, на втором – сказуемое, за ним идёт дополнение, а потом остальные члены предложения.

При построении вопроса это правило перестаёт работать, так как порядок слов в вопросительном предложении меняется.

А именно, в одних случаях вопрос начинается с вопросительного слова, в других –  с вспомогательного глагола (за исключением вопроса разделительного типа), затем сохраняется известный нам порядок следования:

  • подлежащее,
  • сказуемое,
  • дополнение и остальные члены предложения.

 

Тип вопроса Пример
   
Общий Are you a booklover? – Ты любитель книг?
Do you read books? – Ты читаешь книги?
   
Специальный Why are you a booklover? – Почему ты любитель книг?
When do you usually read books? – Когда ты обычно читаешь книги?
   
Альтернативный Are you a booklover or a nonreader? – Ты любитель книг или нет?
Do you read books or magazines? – Ты читаешь книги или журналы?
   
Разделительный You are a booklover, aren’t you? – Ты любитель книг, не так ли?
You don’t read books, do you? – Ты не читаешь книги, не так ли?
   
Вопрос к подлежащему Who is a booklover? – Кто любитель книг?
Who reads books? – Кто читает книги?

 

В начале практической работы выполняем несложные задания по теме, но по мере продвижения сложность упражнений будет возрастать.

 

 

5 types of questions exercises

 

Упражнение 1

Fill in the words to form questions did, are, do, have, was, haven’t, is, isn’t:

  1. What types of books ______ you like to read?
  2. _____ she reading love story or an adventure story?
  3. ______ you seen «Titanic»?
  4. Who _____ watching TV at eight o’clock last night?
  5. It’s an exciting book, ________ it?
  6. _____ you going to watch a romantic film or a musical?
  7. You have seen this film, _______ you.
  8. _____ you go to the cinema last night?

Now group this question by their types:

Yes / No Questions: ______________.

Alternative Questions: ______________.

Special Questions: ______________.

Tag Questions: ______________.

 

Упражнение

Form questions:

  • birthday / is / when / your?
  • many / How / cards / did / get / you?
  • do / What / like / you / presents?
  • mum / What / make / did / cake / your?
  • at the party / you / did / what / do?
  • like / you / parties / do / Why?
  • summer / are / this / where / you / going?
  • there / going / How / you / are?
  • take / going / to / what / you / are?
  • with / are / you / Who / going?
  • do / going / to / you / there / What / are?
  • you / stay / going / to / are / Where?
  • what / playing / dad / sports / your / games / is / of / fond?
  • roller-skate / when / learn / you / to / did?
  • of / afraid / are / swimming / you?

 

Упражнение 3

Поставьте вопросы к предложениям (начинайте со слов в скобках):

  1. My sister eats sweets every day. (Who)
  2. He won’t go to the country this summer (Will)
  3. We were advised to come. (What?)
  4. I haven’t seen Peter since Saturday. (Since when?)
  5. They are planning to have a holiday soon. (They)
  6. She made a beautiful dress for herself last week. (What?)
  7. Everybody was waiting at the door to the museum. (Was)
  8. By the end of the year, he had read about twenty books. (How many)
  9. He is followed by his friend everywhere. (By whom?)
  10. He didn’t know how he could help his friend. (Why?)

 

Упражнение 4 

Write questions to the underlined parts of the text:

John is my cousin (1). He is only 18, but he is already a student (2). John is very intelligent (3) and he is a good-looking boy too. Many girls (4) admire his dark brown (5) eyes and curly hair. The only problem is that John hasn’t got enough money (6). He likes books (7) but he often has no money to buy them.

 

Упражнение 5 

Write special and alternative questions to the answers:

Example:

  • He is from England.
  • What country is he from?
  • Is he from England or Scotland?
  1. We went to the library.
  2. He is a driver.
  3. We were playing a game.
  4. They came to this place a long time ago.

 

Упражнение 6 

Напишите вопросы к ответам:

  1. ____________________________?

A computer. (The Adams bought a computer.)

  1. ____________________________?

They have. They have already met Mr Smith.)

  1. ____________________________?

They met Mr Smith when they were in London.

  1. ____________________________?

They are. (They are going to there again).

  1. ____________________________?

English. She teaches English.

  1. ____________________________?

Travelling. (He was interested in travelling.)

  1. ____________________________?

They do. (They have to get up early.)

  1. ____________________________?

At the airport. (He had to meet them at the airport.)

  1. ____________________________?

The baby’s room. (Mary has to clean the baby’s room every morning.)

  1. ____________________________?

Boots. (They have to wear boots.)

 

Упражнение 7 

Write questions about driving in England.

Use the prompts:

  • petrol expensive in England?
  • motorists have to wear front seat belts in England?
  • what minimum driving age?
  • many roads in England?
  • roads good in England?
  • what the national speed limits in England?
  • how all speed limits given on signs?
  • how signs indicate speed limits?

 

Упражнение 8

Read the text. Write down the questions for the underlined words to get more information:

  1. Somebodywrote this book. It is about somebody and his friends.
  2. One day he put on something
  3. He looked likesomebody.
  4. The old Frekken Bokk was cooking something.
  5. Somethingopened and he appeared somewhere.
  6. She did somethingin horror.
  7. She phoned somebody.
  8. And at that time somebodyand his friend were eating something.

 

Упражнение 9

Complete the tag questions: 

  1. The books about animals are real fun, …
  2. You really like reading magazines, …
  3. You can go to the library tomorrow, …
  4. Your mum thinks adventure stories are exciting, …
  5. You haven’t seen «Harry Potter» yet, …

 

Упражнение 10

Read these facts Ask and answer questions about the facts.

Use Who? When? What?

  1. Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein in 1818.
  2. Guglielmo Marconi invented the radio in 1894.
  3. Hubert Booth invented the vacuum cleaner in 1901
  4. King Camp Gillette invented the razor in 1901
  5. Henry Ford produced the first cheap car in 1908.
  6. Peter Chilvers built the first windsurfer in 1958.

 

Упражнение 11

Ask questions with who or what:

  1. Jack is waiting for someone.
  2. Someone is waiting for Jack.
  3. Something is happening.
  4. Someone has got the money.
  5. Carmen wants to see someone.
  6. Someone wants to see Carmen.
  7. Carmen wants to see something.
  8. Steven smiled at someone.
  9. Someone smiled at Steven.
  10. Steven smiled at something.
  11. Something happened.

 

Упражнение 12

Correct the mistakes:

  • What Tony is writing?
  • What is writing?
  • What Julia want to do?
  • Who does wants a cup of tea?
  • Who President John F. Kennedy killed?
  • Who did invented the telephone?
  • Whose your favorite actor?
  • Who’s is this coat?
  • What hand do you write with?
  • Arthur is 21, hasn’t he?
  • You’re a student, isn’t it?
  • They live in Milan, doesn’t it?
  • Does Diana like golf, doesn’t she?

 

Источники:

https://engblog.ru/types-of-questions

http://grammar-tei.com/uprazhneniya-na-postroenie-voprosov-v-anglijskom-yazyke/

 

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